D-Luciferin

  • 4-Thiazolecarboxylic acid, 4,5-dihydro-2-(6-hydroxy-2-benzothiazolyl)-, (S)
  • (S)-4,5-dihydro-2-(6-hydroxybenzothiazol-2-yl)thiazole-4-carboxylic acid
  • Beetle luciferin
  • (S)-Luciferin (firefly)
Formula
C11H8N2O3S2
Structure
Description
Light yellow powder.
Uses
Substance is used in the assay of ATP.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
2591-17-5
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
219-981-3
Merck
12,4128
Beilstein/Gmelin
30484
Beilstein Reference
4-27-00-08934
Austrailia AICS
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C11H8N2O3S2
Formula mass
280.31
Melting point, °C
205 - 210
Solubility in water
Very soluble
pKa/pKb
2.93 (pKa)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Deep freeze (below -20 C). Store under an inert atmosphere.
Handling
Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Protection
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulfur, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.