D-Maltose

  • Malt sugar
  • 4-O-a-D-Glucopyranosyl-D-glucose
  • Advantose 100
  • Maltodiose
  • Sunmalt
  • Finetose
Formula
C12H22O11
Structure
Description
Solid.
Uses
Nutrient, sweetener, in culture media, in prepd bee food.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
69-79-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-716-5
RTECS
OO5250000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Drug; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Natural Product
Merck
12,5753
Beilstein/Gmelin
93798
Beilstein Reference
5-17-07-00189
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C12H22O11
Formula mass
342.3
Melting point, °C
494
Vapor pressure, mmHg
1E-27 (25 C)
Density
1.532 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Very soluble
pKa/pKb
12.39 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-4.05
Heat of combustion
-5696 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. No special precautions indicated.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Wash area with soap and water. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, acrid smoke and fumes.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
289
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
May cause reproductive and fetal effects.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. Low hazard for usual industrial handling. Ingestion of large amounts may cause cyanosis, respiratory depression and cardiac arrest.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Wash mouth out with water. Get medical aid if irritation or symptoms occur.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. If irritation develops, get medical aid.

Transport.