DL-Isovaline

  • 2-Amino-2-methylbutanoic acid
  • DL-a-Amino-a-methylbutyric acid
  • DL-a-Ethylalanine
Formula
C5H11NO2
Structure
Description
White solid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
595-39-1
S: 24/25
Merck
12,5255
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C5H11NO2
Formula mass
117.15
Melting point, °C
316.5
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.063 (25 C)
Density
1.07 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble
Refractive index
 
pKa/pKb
2.38 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.20

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Not controlled
Protection
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire.
Hazards
This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion.
Combustion products
Irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.
Health
1
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May be harmful if inhaled.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
May cause irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
In case of contact, flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops and persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for a t least 15 minutes. Get medical aid.

Transport.