Decabromodiphenyloxide

  • Pentabromophenyl ether
  • DBDPO
  • Pentabromophenyl ether
  • bis(Pentabromophenyl) ether
Formula
C12Br10O
Structure
Description
White to off-white powder with a chemical odor.
Uses
Decabromodiphenyl oxide is an unreactive, additive flame retardant widely used for its thermal stability and its low cost in thermoplastic resins, thermoset resins, textiles and adhesives. The major applications are in high impact polystyrene, glass reinforced thermoplastic polyester and moulding resins, low density polyethylene extrusion coatings, polypropylene (homo- and copolymers), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene rubber, nylon and polyvinyl chloride.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
1163-19-5
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
214-604-9
EC Class
dangerous for the environment
R 40 41 53
S 26 36/37 61
RTECS
KN3525000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Reproductive Effector; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
3077
Beilstein/Gmelin
2188438
Beilstein Reference
1-06-00-00108
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-8308
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C12Br10O
Formula mass
959.17
Melting point, °C
294 - 296
Boiling point, °C
572
Vapor pressure, mmHg
2E-12 (25 C)
Density
3.364 g/cm3 (-173 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Partition coefficient, pKow
11.45
Heat of vaporization
82.6 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Protection
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, fluorine, bromine, chlorine.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen bromide, carbonyl bromide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
241
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Substance is noncombustible. Extinguishing media: Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire. Do NOT use halogenated agents.
Fire potential
This material is probably combustible.

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 3 mg/m3
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause thyroid abnormalities. Possible risk of irreversible effects.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May be harmful if inhaled.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. Causes redness and pain.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
3077
Response guide
USCG CHRIS Code
DCX
 
HS Code
2909 30 31