Decanoic anhydride

  • Decanoic acid, anhydride
Formula
C20H38O3
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
2082-76-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
218-213-4
Beilstein/Gmelin
1796681
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-01049

Properties.
Formula
C20H38O3
Formula mass
326.51
Melting point, °C
32
Boiling point, °C
125 - 140 (0.05 torr)
Density
0.8865 g/cm3 (25 C)
Refractive index
1.4234 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Corrosives area.
Handling
Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents, bases.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
> 110
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause irritation of the respiratory tract with burning pain in the nose and throat, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and pulmonary edema. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation, edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema.
   Skin
Causes skin burns.
   Eyes
May result in corneal injury. May cause blindness. Contact with the eyes may cause corneal damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.