Demeton

  • Mercaptophos
  • O,O-Diethyl 2-ethylmercaptoethyl thiophosphate
  • Phosphorothioic acid O,O-diethyl o-(2-(ethylthio)ethyl) ester mixture with O,O-diethyl s-(2-(ethylthio)ethyl) phosphorothioate
Formula
C8H19O3PS2
Structure
Description
Oily liquid with an amber color and an odor of sulfur.
Uses
Acaricide, insecticide.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
8065-48-3
EC Index Number
015-118-00-8
RTECS
TF3150000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
UN (DOT)
3018
Merck
12,2940
Beilstein/Gmelin
8474285
EPA OPP
57601
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1480

Properties.
Formula
C8H19O3PS2
Formula mass
258.34
Melting point, °C
-25.0
Boiling point, °C
134
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.00026 (25 C)
Density
1.183 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
100 mg/L

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in well ventilated area.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Spills may be cleaned up by absorbing the material in vermiculite, dry sand, earth, or a similar material. General precautions for organophosphorous pesticides are as follows. Keep unnecessary people away; stay upwind. Shut off ignition sources; no flares, smoking, or flames in hazard area. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Take up spills with noncombustible absorbent material. For large spills, dike far ahead.
Stability
Stable.
Incompatibilities
Avoid contact with strong oxidizers, alkalis, water.
Decomposition
Toxic gases and vapors (such as sulfur dioxide, phosphoric acid mist and carbon monoxide) may be released when demeton decomposes.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
45
Autoignition, °C
463
Upper exp. limit, %
5.3
Lower exp. limit, %
1
Fire fighting
(Non-Specific -- Organophosphorus Pesticide, Flammable Liquid, n.o.s.) Wear positive pressure breathing apparatus and special protective clothing. Move containers from fire area. Dike fire control water for later disposal; do not scatter the material. Cool containers that are exposed to flames with water from the side until well after fire is out. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety device or any discoloration of tank due to fire. Isolate for 1/2 mile in all directions if tank car or truck is involved in fire.Use dry chemical, foam, carbon dioxide. Water may be ineffective
Fire potential
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
May release sulfur oxides and phosphoric acid. Solvent carrier vapors may travel on ground to ignition source. Avoid strong oxidizers. Avoid mixtures with water or polar solvents, in which sulfur is lost to oxygen, air and light, which cause hydrolysis, alkaline mixtures and oxidizing agents.
Combustion products
Irritating fumes of sulfur dioxide and phosphoric acid may form in fire.

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
TLV: 0.01 ppm; 0.1 mg/m3 (skin) (ACGIH 1990-1991). OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 mg/m3 skin NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 mg/m3 skin NIOSH IDLH: 10 mg/m3
Poison_Class
1
Exposure effects
Fever, low heart rate and abnormally low blood pressure, or rapid heart rate and elevated blood pressure may occur. Headache, dizziness, muscle spasms and profound weakness are common. Alterations of level of consciousness, anxiety, paralysis, seizures and coma may occur. Seizures may be more common in children.
   Ingestion
Vomiting, diarrhea, fecal incontinence, pancreatitis and abdominal pain may occur.
   Inhalation
Dyspnea, rales, bronchorrhea, or tachypnea may occur, with pulmonary edema in severe cases.
   Skin
Sweating is a consistent but not universal sign.
   Eyes
Constriction of the pupil, tearing, blurred vision and salivation are common. Prolonged dialation of the pupils may occur in severe poisonings.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
   Eyes
Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
3018
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
DTN