Di-tert-Butyl peroxide

  • tert-Butyl peroxide
Formula
(CH3)3COOC(CH3)3
Structure
Description
Clear, colorless or yellowish liquid with a distinctive odor.
Uses
Di-tert butyl peroxide is important initiator for high-temp, high-pressure polymerizations of ethylene & halogenated ethylenes, in curing of resins of allyl acetate & allyl phthalate type, in synthesis of polyketones from carbon monoxide & ethylene organic syntheses involving free radicals.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
110-05-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-733-6
EC Index Number
617-001-00-2
EC Class
Oxidising; Highly flammable
S 3/7 14.11 16 36/37/39
RTECS
ER2450000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Reproductive Effector; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
2102
Merck
12,3515
Beilstein/Gmelin
1735581
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01619
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2221
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C8H18O2
Formula mass
146.23
Melting point, °C
< -25
Boiling point, °C
109
Vapor pressure, mmHg
20
Vapor density (air=1)
5.03
Saturation Concentration
About 26000 ppm (2.6%) or 53000 ppm (5.3%) at 20 C (calculated)
Critical temperature
231
Critical pressure
22.50
Density
0.798 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
< 1 mg/ml
Refractive index
1.3908 (15 C)
Heat of vaporization
39.3 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
B2 C
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with an organic vapor/acid gas cartridge (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas and SO2) with a dust/mist filter.
Small spills/leaks
ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). Keep combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.) away from spilled material. Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Keep substance wet using water spray. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. SMALL SPILLS: Take up with inert, damp, noncombustible material using clean non-sparking tools and place into loosely covered plastic containers for later disposal.
Disposal code
10
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Avoid contact with strong oxidizing agent; may ignite organic materials or explode when shocked or in contact with reducing materials. Upon contact with reducing materials, such as organic matter or thiocyanates, an explosion can occur.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
12
Autoignition, °C
230
Upper exp. limit, %
100
Lower exp. limit, %
45
Fire fighting
SMALL FIRES: Water spray or fog is preferred; if water not available use dry chemical, carbon dioxide or regular foam. LARGE FIRES: Flood fire area with water from a distance. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Do not move cargo or vehicle if cargo has been exposed to heat. Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn.
Fire potential
May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect.
Hazards
May explode from heat or contamination. May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
4
 
 
Special
O

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Abdominal cramps and vomiting -- see inhalation.
   Inhalation
Acute effects - cough, shortness of breath, sore throat. Irritates the eyes and respiratory tract.
   Skin
See Inhalation.
   Eyes
Redness, pain.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.
UN number
2102
Response guide
Hazard class
5.2
HS Code
2909 60 00