Dibromocyanoacetamide

  • 2,2-Dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide
  • 2,2-Dibromo-2-cyanoacetamide
  • DBNPA
  • Biomate 723
  • Amerstat 300
Formula
C3H2Br2N2O
Structure
Description
Off-white solid with a mild anesthetic odor.
Uses
Microbiocide

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
10222-01-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
233-539-7
RTECS
AB5956000
RTECS class
Primary Irritant
Beilstein/Gmelin
1761192
Beilstein Reference
3-02-00-01641
EPA OPP
286300
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H2Br2N2O
Formula mass
241.89
Melting point, °C
126
Boiling point, °C
358
Density
2.375 g/cm3 (21 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble
pKa/pKb
11.72 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.87

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry location in a tightly sealed container.
Handling
Empty containers may contain residual product. Do not resue container unless properly reconditioned. Wear chemical goggles and gloves.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Not normally needed. If significant dusting occurs, wear either a disposable dusk mask/cartridge respirator with prefilter and high efficiency filter cartridge.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep/vacuum up. Place in drums for disposal. Wear proper protective equipment.
Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Bromine, dibromoactonitrile, cyanogen, bromide, oxides of carbon and oxides of nitrogen.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Can cause kidney damage. Can be fatal.
   Inhalation
Corrosive.
   Skin
Corrosive. Possibly resulting in 3rd degree burns.
   Eyes
Causes permanent damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical attention. If individual is drowsy or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth; place individual on the left side with the head down. Contact a physician, medical facility, or poison control center for advice about whether to induce vomiting. If possible, do not leave individual unattended.
   Inhalation
If symptoms develop, move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. Keep person warm and quiet; seek immediate medical attention.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing. Wash exposed area with soap and water. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. Launder clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
If symptoms develop, immediately move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. Flush eyes gently with water for at least 15 minutes while holding eyelids apart; seek immediate medical attention.

Transport.