Dibromoneopentyl glycol

  • Pentaerythritol dibromide
  • Pentaerythritol
  • 2,2-Bis(bromomethyl)-1,3-propanediol
  • 1,3-Dibromo-2,2-dihydroxymethylpropane
Formula
C5H10Br2O2
Structure
Description
Off-white powder.
Uses
Flame retardant for epoxy, polyester, & urethane foams, chemical intermediate for pentaerythritol ethers, chemical intermediate for derivatives used as flame retardants.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
3296-90-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
221-967-7
RTECS
TY3195500
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
Beilstein/Gmelin
1304582
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-02554
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C5H10Br2O2
Formula mass
261.97
Melting point, °C
107 - 109
Boiling point, °C
371
Vapor pressure, mmHg
5E-7 (25 C)
Density
2.2 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
pKa/pKb
13.57 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.16
Heat of vaporization
71.5

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with an organic vapor/acid gas cartridge (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas and SO2) with a dust/mist filter.
Small spills/leaks
Should a spill occur while you are handling this chemical, FIRST REMOVE ALL SOURCES OF IGNITION, then you should dampen the solid spill material with 60-70% ethanol and transfer the dampened material to a suitable container. Use absorbent paper dampened with 60-70% ethanol to pick up any remaining material. Seal the absorbent paper, and any of your clothes, which may be contaminated, in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Solvent wash all contaminated surfaces with 60-70% ethanol followed by washing with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Flammable and/or toxic gases are generated by combination with with alkali metals, nitrides, and strong reducing agents Reacts with oxoacids and carboxylic acids to form esters plus water Incompatible with oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
178
Fire fighting
Fires involving this compound can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher.

Health.
Carcinogin
I-2B, N-2, CP65
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See inhalation.
   Inhalation
Symptoms of exposure to this compound include eye and skin irritation and possible liver damage. It may also cause corneal injury which may be sufficient to cause possible impairment of vision. Consumption of alcohol before or after handling this chemical may enhance the toxic effects.
   Skin
See inhalation.
   Eyes
See inhalation

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.