Colorless liquid with an ammonia-like or fishy odor.
Corrosion inhibitor, intermediate for emulsifiers, rubber accelerators, dyes, insecticides, flotation agent, inhibitor for butadiene.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
R 10 20/21/22
Drug; Mutagen; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
2.1 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
0.3% (20 C)
0.24 (butyl acetate=1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 27 ppm
0.759 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
0.64 cp (40 C)
24.5 g/s2 (20 C)
1.4174 (25 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat and flame. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
B3 D1A E
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Strong oxidizing agents, carbon dioxide, acids, acid chlorides, halogenated compounds, and acid anhydrides
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, amines.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Use alcohol foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible.
Flammable liquid when exposed to heat or flame.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Toxic oxides of nitrogen may form in fires.
Corrosive. Toxic, destructive to tissues. May cause sore throat, abdominal spasms, vomiting and diarrhea.
Inhalation produces damaging effects on the mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract. Symptoms may include irritation of the nose and throat, and labored breathing. May cause lung edema, a medical emergency.
Corrosive. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts. Causes severe skin irritation and burns.
Corrosive. May cause 'blue haze' or 'halo vision'. Lachrymator. Causes eye irritation and burns.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation is required (at least 30 minutes).