- Ethylaluminum dichloride
Clear, yellow liquid.
Catalyst for olefin polymerization, aromatic hydrogenation, intermediate.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
1.232 g/cm3 (25 C)
1.5622 (20 C)
Hazards and Protection.
Aluminum alkyls. In undiluted condition. Must be kept under inert gas like nitrogen or argon, and all possibility of contact with water must be avoided. Solution containing not more than 20% of these compd in non-reactive solvents, however, can be handled without risk of spontaneous ignition. Aluminum alkyls in general, toxic materials or that can decompose into toxic components should be stored in cool ventilated place, out of sun, away from fire hazard. Substance must be periodically inspected and monitored. Incompatible materials should be isolated.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protective clothing and high standard of training in necessary precautionary measures are essential for handling of materials.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Rinse with sodium bicarbonate or lime solution.
Less sensitive to oxidation in air than trialkylaluminums aluminum alkyls.
Incompatible with acids and bases Incompatible with oxidizing agents.
Ignites spontaneously in air.
Fire Extinguishing Agents Not to Be Used: Water, foam, dry chemicals, halogenated agents, or carbon dioxideFire Extinguishing Agents: Inert dry powders such as dry graphite, soda ash, sand, limestone.
Fumes vigorously in air. May ignite spontaneously. Certain polymerization catalysts, such as aluminum alkyls, react and burn violently on contact with water. Aluminum alkyls aluminum alkyls are organic aluminum compounds that are highly reactive and dangerous because of spontaneous burning in air.
May ignite on contact with moist air or moisture. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect. May react vigorously or explosively on contact with water. May decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished.
Intense smoke may cause metal-fume fever.
OSHA: PEL (8 h TWA): 15 mg/m3.
Encephalopathy has been reported in patients with renal failure. This may range from mild personality changes and speech disorders to severe obtundation, seizures, coma and death. Fatal encephalopathy with status epilepticus has occurred after the use of aluminum-containing bone cement in vestibular neurectomies. Aluminum has also been linked to the histopathology of alzheimer disease. Occupational exposure to aluminum has been associated with cognitive deficits. Aluminum in drinking water has been linked to central nervous system birth defects. Some aluminum compounds have proven teratogenic in laboratory animals; however, overall, aluminum is not considered teratogenic.
Burns of the esophagus and less commonly the stomach may occur after caustic ingestion; the absence of oral mucosal injury does not reliably exclude esophageal burns. Patients with stridor, drooling or vomiting are more likely to have esophageal burns.
Stridor, dyspnea, upper airway injury, and pulmonary edema, especially following inhalation of vaporized caustics, may occur.
Severe skin irritation and/or burns may occur.
Mucosal if no respiratory compromise is present, dilute immediately with milk or water; no more than 8 ounces in adults and 4 ounces in children. Gastric ipecac contraindicated. Consider insertion of a small, flexible nasogastric or orogastric tube to suction gastric contents after recent large ingestions; the risk of further mucosal injury must be weighed against potential benefits.
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
Remove contaminated clothes. Irrigate exposed skin with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes or longer, depending on concentration, amount and duration of exposure to the chemical. A physician may need to examine the area if irritation or pain persist.
Home irrigation - exposed eyes should be irrigated with copious amounts of water for at least 30 minutes. An examination should always be performed. Ophthalmologic consultation should be obtained. Medical facility: irrigate with sterile 0.9% Saline for at least an hour or until the cul-de-sacs are free of particulate matter and returned to neutrality (confirm with pH paper).
USCG CHRIS Code