Dichloromethane

  • Methylene dichloride
  • Methylene chloride
Formula
CH2Cl2
Structure
Description
Colorless, watery liquid with a penetrating ether-like odor.
Uses
Solvent, paint stripper, fumigant insecticide.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
75-09-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-838-9
EC Index Number
602-004-00-3
EC Class
Carcinogenic Category 3
S 23 24/25 36/37
RTECS
PA8050000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1593
Merck
12,6140
Beilstein/Gmelin
1730800
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00035
RCRA
U080
EPA OPP
42004
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2060
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
CH2Cl2
Formula mass
84.93
Melting point, °C
-95
Boiling point, °C
39.8
Vapor pressure, mmHg
349 (20 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
2.9
Saturation Concentration
54.4% at 24 C (calculated)
Evaporization number
1.9 (diethyl ether = 1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 205-307 ppm
Critical temperature
237
Critical pressure
60.00
Density
1.322 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
10-50 mg/ml
Viscosity
0.41 cp (25 C)
Surface tension
27.36 g/s2 (25 C)
Refractive index
1.4244 (20 C)
Dipole moment
1.6 D (20 C)
Dielectric constant
9.1 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.25
Heat of fusion
4.6 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
14.44 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store below 40C. Keep away from active metals.
D1B D2A D2B
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Loosen closure cautiously before opening. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not ingest or inhale.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
2
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. May form explosive mixtures in atmospheres having high oxygen content.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, liquid oxygen, nitric acid, potassium, lithium, sodium, caustics, potassium-tert-butoxide, sodium potassium alloys, powdered aluminum, Active metals (such as potassium and magnesium)., nitrogen tetroxide, N-methyl-N-nitososurea + potassium hydroxide, powdered magnesium.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, phosgene, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
-4
Autoignition, °C
605
Upper exp. limit, %
223
Lower exp. limit, %
13
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or water spray. For large fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam, or water spray. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Fire potential
Nonflammable; but forms flammable vapor-air mixtures at > 100.
Hazards
Air/vapor mixtures may explode when ignited. Container may explode in heat of fire. Vapors mixed with air in proper proportion will propagate a flame. Will form explosive mixtures in atmospheres having high oxygen contents.
Combustion products
Dissociation products generated in a fire may be irritating or toxic.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
1
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
TLV: 50 ppm; 174 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1992-1993). OSHA PEL: TWA 25 ppm ST 125 ppm NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A NIOSH IDLH: Potential occupational carcinogen 2300 ppm
Carcinogin
O, G-A3, I-2B, N-2, CP65
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
Possible cancer hazard based on tests with laboratory animals. Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. May cause reproductive and fetal effects. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Chronic exposure may cause lung, liver, and pancreatic tumors. May cause conjunctivitis and/or corneal burns.
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause narcotic effects in high concentration. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause blood changes. Overexposure may cause an increase in carboxyhemoglobin levels in the blood. Can produce delayed pulmonary edema.
   Skin
May be absorbed through the skin. Causes irritation with burning pain, itching, and redness. Prolonged exposure may result in skin burns.
   Eyes
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.

Transport.
UN number
1593
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
DCM
 
36 Halogenated hydrocarbons
HS Code
2903 12 00
 
Std. Transport #
4925131
 
IMO Chemical Code
17
IMO Pollution Category
D
IMO Hazard code
S