Dichloropropane dichloropropene mixture
- Dowfume n
- Propane, dichloro- mixed with propene, dichloro
- 1-Propene, 1,3-dichloro- mixture with 1,2-dichloropropane
Straw to amber liquid with a pungent, garlic-like odor.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Mutagen; Primary Irritant
Vapor density (air=1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 1-3ppm
1.2 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
about 2 g/kg @ 20 C
Hazards and Protection.
Keep containers tightly closed. Keep away from heat and open flame. Store at away from dwellings. Do not contaminate food or foodstuffs. Do not store or use the mixture in containers made of aluminum, magnesium, or their alloys.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate chemical protective gloves, boots, and goggles. Rubber gloves, self-contained breathing apparatus, coveralls or laboratory coat.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Sodium bicarbonate or sand and soda ash mixture.
Containers may explode in heat of fire. Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors, or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may be a fire or explosion hazard.
Can react with some metals to form dangerous products Incompatible with strong oxidizing and reducing agents Incompatible with many amines, nitrides, azo/diazo compounds, alkali metals, and epoxides Can react with aluminum, magnesium and their alloys.
Fire Extinguishing Agents: Small fires: dry chemicals, CO 2 , water spray or foam; large fires: water spray, fog or foam.
Flammable. Will burn and can be ignited by heat, sparks, and flames. Flammable vapors may spread away from fire. Runoff to sewers may be a fire or explosion hazard.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Smoke contains hydrogen chloride and it may contain phosgene; both components are highly toxic gases.
Very high concentrations are depressant in animals.
ARDS has been reported after ingestion. Animals exposed to 2700 ppm developed severe lung injury.
Ards has been reported after ingestion. Animals exposed to 2700 ppm developed severe lung injury.
Necrosis and edema were present when the agent was confined to rabbit skin, but were much reduced when the product was allowed to evaporate.
Administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents. Monitor liver and kidney function. Elevations may not be seen for several days. Respiratory support may be indicated in significant exposures. Monitor for pulmonary edema. Hypotension: infuse 10 to 20 ml/kg isotonic fluid, place in trendelenburg position. If hypotension persists, administer dopamine (5 to 20 mcg/kg/min) or norepinephrine (0.1 To 0.2 Mcg/kg/min), titrate to desired response.
Move victim to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, pneumonitis or bronchits. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.