Dicyclopentadiene

  • Cyclopentadiene dimer
  • Bicyclopentadiene
  • 1,3-Dicyclopentadiene dimer
  • 3a,4,7,7a-Tetrahydro-4,7-methanoindene
Formula
C10H12
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid with a disagreeable, camphor-like odor.
Uses
Monomer for ethylene-propylene terpolymer elastomers, dryer & hardener in linseed & soybean oil, curing agent in other elastomers.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
77-73-6
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
201-052-9
EC Index Number
601-044-00-9
EC Class
Highly flammable; Harmful; Irritant; Dangerous for the Environment
R 11 20/22 36/37/38 51/53
S 36/37 61
RTECS
PC1050000
RTECS class
Mutagen; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1992
Merck
13,2767
Beilstein/Gmelin
1904092
Beilstein Reference
2-05-00-00391
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1911
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C10H12
Formula mass
132.21
Melting point, °C
-1
Boiling point, °C
170
Decomposition point, °C
150
Vapor pressure, mmHg
2.3 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
4.55
Saturation Concentration
1800 ppm (0.18%) at 20 C (calculated)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 0.003 ppm
Critical temperature
392
Critical pressure
30.20
Density
0.982 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
0.736 cp at 70 deg f
Refractive index
1.5050 (35 C)
Dielectric constant
2.48 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.89
Heat of vaporization
39.0 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-5774 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area. Storage under a nitrogen blanket has been recommended. Containers should be dated when opened and tested periodically for the presence of peroxides. Should crystals form in a peroxidizable liquid, peroxidation may have occurred and the product should be considered extremely dangerous. In this instance, the container should only be opened remotely by professionals. All peroxidizable substances should be stored away from heat and light and be protected from ignition sources.
B2 D2B D1B
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Use and store under nitrogen. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Use only with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing vapor or mist.
Protection
Wear appropriate clothing to prevent any reasonable probability of skin contact. Wear eye protection to prevent any possibility of eye contact.
Respirators
Air-supplied mask in confined areas, rubber gloves, safety glasses.
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
Disposal code
9
Stability
Under normal storage conditions, peroxidizable compounds can form and accumulate peroxides which may explode when subjected to heat or shock. This material is most hazardous when peroxide levels are concentrated by distillation or evaporation. DCPD will decompose to cyclopentadiene at temperatures > 150C.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, polymerizing initiators.
Decomposition
Oxides of carbon.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
26
Autoignition, °C
503
Upper exp. limit, %
6.3
Lower exp. limit, %
0.8
Fire fighting
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may spread fire. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
Fire potential
FLAMMABLE.
Hazards
Flashback along vapor trail may occur. Vapor may explode if ignited in an enclosed area.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
1
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (30 mg/m3)
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
Mild central nervous system depression or excitation may occur after ingestion or vapor inhalation. CNS effects can occur secondary to hydrocarbon pneumonitis and hypoxia, or from additives and contaminants (aniline, heavy metals, camphor, or pesticides). Some hydrocarbons are simple asphyxiants (e.G., Methane, ethane, propane gasses) which can produce CNS effects secondary to hypoxia. In a prospective study in Toronto, major congenital malformations were noted in 13 of 125 fetuses of mothers exposed to organic solvents during pregnancy.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain may occur following ingestion.
   Inhalation
Coughing, choking, tachypnea, dyspnea, cyanosis, rales, hemoptysis, pulmonary edema, pneumatoceles, lipoid pneumonia, or respiratory arrest may develop following ingestion and aspiration.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. A single prolonged skin exposure is not likely to result in the material being absorbed in harmful amounts.
   Eyes
Causes irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.
UN number
1992
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
DPT
 
HS Code
2902 19 90
 
Std. Transport #
4910196
 
IMO Pollution Category
B
IMO Hazard code
P