Diesel fuel

  • Automotive diesel oil
  • Diesel oil (petroleum)
  • Diesel oils
Formula
Hydrocarbon mixture
Description
Water white to straw tinted liquid with an aromatic odor.
Uses
Fuel, fuel additives, lubricants.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
68334-30-5
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
269-822-7
EC Index Number
649-224-00-6
EC Class
Carcinogenic Category 3
RTECS
HZ1800000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1993
Beilstein/Gmelin
8190419
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Melting point, °C
-64
Boiling point, °C
163
Vapor density (air=1)
3 - 7
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 0.7 ppm
Density
0.81-0.85 g/cm3 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
8 cst (-20 C)
Surface tension
23-32 g/s2
Heat of combustion
-43 kJ/g

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
B3 D2B
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
If the exposure limit is exceeded and engineering controls are not feasible, a full facepiece respirator with an acid gas cartridge and particulate filter (NIOSH type N100 filter) may be worn up to 50 times the exposure limit, or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest. If oil particles (e.g. lubricants, cutting fluids, glycerine, etc.) are present, use a NIOSH type R or P particulate filter. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-facepiece positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator.
Small spills/leaks
Make no contact with the spilled material. ELIMINATE all ignition sources and ground all equipment. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents like nitric acid.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
49
Autoignition, °C
177
Upper exp. limit, %
8.0
Lower exp. limit, %
0.4
Fire fighting
Any U.L approved class B media, foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemical Avoid use of solid water streams and excessive water spray application.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE COMBUSTABLE LIQUID. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
0
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
100 mg/m3 TLV
Carcinogin
G-A3, I-2B
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
GI tract disturbances, nausea, bomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain.
   Inhalation
Irritation, headache, nausea, confusion, dizziness, irregular heartbeat, coma, CNS effects, death.
   Skin
Burns. May cause signs of intoxication.
   Eyes
See inhalation

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting; seek medical attention.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove solvent by wiping and wash with soap and water.
   Eyes
Wash with copious quantity of water.

Transport.
UN number
1993
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
OOD
 
33 Misc. hydrocarbon mixtures
IMO Chemical Code
I
IMO Pollution Category
I