Diethyl 3-hydroxypentanedioate

  • Diethyl 3-hydroxyglutarate
  • 3-Hydroxyglutaric acid diethyl ester
  • Pentanedioic acid, 3-hydroxy-, 1,5-diethyl ester
Formula
C9H16O5
Structure
Description
Clear, faintly yellow-green liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
32328-03-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
250-992-6
23 24/25
Beilstein/Gmelin
1709448

Properties.
Formula
C9H16O5
Formula mass
204.22
Melting point, °C
48
Boiling point, °C
257
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.0023 (25 C)
Critical temperature
439
Critical pressure
25.37
Density
1.12 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
25 g/L (25 C)
Refractive index
1.439 (20 C)
pKa/pKb
13.60 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.29
Heat of vaporization
57.39 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep tightly closed. Store in a cool dry place.
Protection
Compatible chemical-resistant gloves. Chemical safety goggles. Protective clothing.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb on sand or vermiculite and place in closed containers for disposal. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pickup is complete.
Incompatibilities
Acids, Bases, Oxidizing agents, Reducing agents.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
111
Fire fighting
Extinguish with water spray, carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder or appropriate foam. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Hazards
Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions.

Health.
Exposure effects
May be harmful by inhalation, ingestion, or skin absorption.
   Skin
May cause irritation.
   Eyes
May cause irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If swallowed, wash out mouth with water provided person is conscious. Call a physician.
   Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
In case of contact, immediately wash skin with soap and copious amounts of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Call a physician.
   Eyes
In case of contact with eyes, flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Assure adequate flushing by separating the eyelids with fingers. Call a physician.

Transport.