Diethyl phosphorocyanidate

  • Diethoxy phosphoryl cyanide
  • Diethylcyanophosphate
  • Diethyl cyanophosphosphonate
Formula
C5H10NO3P
Structure
Description
Clear, colorless liquid. With a stench.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
2942-58-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
220-936-5
R 26/27/28 32 34
S 26 28 36/37/39 45
RTECS
TD2500000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
2811
Beilstein/Gmelin
1768938
Beilstein Reference
4-03-00-00265
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C5H10NO3P
Formula mass
163.11
Boiling point, °C
104
Density
1.0884 g/cm3 (20 C)
Refractive index
1.4042 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Storage under a nitrogen blanket has been recommended.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
Decomposition
Hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
80
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Combustible Liquid. Containers may explode when heated. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause severe gastrointestinal tract irritation with nausea, vomiting and possible burns. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Metabolism may release cyanide, which may result in headache, dizziness, weakness, collapse, unconsciousness and possible death.
   Inhalation
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May be metabolized to cyanide which in turns act by inhibiting cytochrome oxidase impairing cellular respiration. Inhalation may result in symptoms similar to cyanide poisoning which includes unconsciousness and death.
   Skin
Causes severe skin irritation and burns. May be metabolized to cyanide which in turn acts by inhibiting cytochrome oxidase impairing cellular respiration.
   Eyes
Causes severe eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Treat patient as for inhalation.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Discard contaminated clothing in a manner which limits further exposure. Treat patient as for inhalation.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.

Transport.
UN number
2811
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III