Diethyl succinate

  • Butanedioic acid, diethyl ester
  • 2-Butanedioic acid diethyl ester
  • Clorius
  • Ethyl succinate
  • Succinic acid, diethyl ester
Formula
C2H5OOCCH2CH2COOC2H5
Structure
Description
Clear liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
123-25-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
204-612-0
S 23 24/25
RTECS
WM7400000
RTECS class
Primary Irritant
Merck
12,9038
Beilstein/Gmelin
907645
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-01914
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1890
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C8H14O4
Formula mass
174.20
Melting point, °C
-19
Boiling point, °C
217
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.13 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
6.00
Density
1.0718 g/cm3 (0 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Viscosity
2.47 cp (25 C)
Surface tension
31.86 g/s2 (13 C)
Refractive index
1.42193 (11.8 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.26
Heat of vaporization
54.6 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-4219 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep container closed when not in use.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Disposal code
1
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents, reducing agents, acids, bases. Rx. with ethyl trifluoroacetate + sodium hydride may cause a fire or explosion.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
80
Upper exp. limit, %
6.5
Lower exp. limit, %
1.1
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Combustible Liquid. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Hazards
During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.
Health
1
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
5
Exposure effects
The toxological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
HS Code
2917 19 90