Diethylamine hydrochloride

  • Diethylammonium chloride
  • N-Ethylethanamine hydrochloride
  • Ethanamine, N-ethyl-, hydrochloride
Formula
(C2H5)2NH2Cl
Structure
Description
Off-white solid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
660-68-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
211-541-9
R 36/37/38
RTECS
IA3084000
RTECS class
Mutagen
Merck
13,3138
Beilstein/Gmelin
3590084
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-00313
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H12ClN
Formula mass
109.50
Melting point, °C
220 - 225
Boiling point, °C
320
Density
1.0475 g/cm3 (21 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Viscosity
1.90 cp (250 C)
Heat of fusion
15.0 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep container closed when not in use.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions. Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
3
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal tract irritation.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
HS Code
2921 12 00