- Epicure T
Colorless to yellow liquid with a pungent, ammonia-like odor. Hygroscopic.
Chemical intermediate for reactive polyamide resins, fatty aminoamides, fatty imidazolines.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Harmful; Corrosive; Sensitising
R 21/22 34 43
S 26 36/37/39 45
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.37 (20 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
300-500 ppm at 20 C
0.01 (butyl acetate=1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 10 ppm
Solubility in water
0.0714 p @ 20C
43.8 g/s2 @ 25 C
1.4856 (20 C)
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat and flame. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives area. Keep away from acids.
D2A D2B E
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Do not ingest or inhale.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Use water spray to dilute spill to a non-flammable mixture. Use water spray to disperse the gas/vapor. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
This material is a strong alkaline. It reacts with carbon dioxide from the air; reacts violently with strong oxidants, acids, halogens, and reactive organic compounds; is corrosive toward aluminum, zinc, copper and its alloys; and causes spontaneous ignition with cellulose nitrate.
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, amines.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Do NOT get water inside containers. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or water spray. For large fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam, or water spray.
Slightly flammable. Combustion requires preheating.
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Irritating vapors are generated when heated.
TLV: 1 ppm; 4.2 mg/m3 (as TWA) (skin) (ACGIH 1995-1996). NIOSH REL: TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m3) skin
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause sensitization dermatitis and possible destruction and/or ulceration. Repeated exposure may cause allergic respiratory reaction (asthma). Once acquired, sensitivity may be retained for many years, with possible cross-sensitization to other amines. Persons with pre-existing skin disorders or impaired respiratory function may be more susceptible to the effects of the substance.
Corrosive. Swallowing can cause severe burns of the mouth, throat, and stomach. Can cause sore throat, vomiting, diarrhea.
Inhalation can cause severe irritation of mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract. Symptoms may include burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea and vomiting. High concentrations may cause lung damage. May cause allergic reaction in sensitive individuals.
Corrosive. Symptoms of redness, pain, and severe burn can occur. May be absorbed through the skin with possible systemic effects. May cause allergic reaction in sensitive individuals.
Corrosive! Vapors are irritating and may cause damage to the eyes. Contact may cause severe burns and permanent eye damage.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.