Dimethylamine, hydrochloride

  • Dimethylammonium chloride
  • Hydrochloric acid dimethylamine
  • Methanamine, N-methyl-, hydrochloride
  • N-Methylmethanamine hydrochloride
Formula
(CH3)2NH.HCl
Structure
Description
odorless white to off-white solid

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
506-59-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-046-5
EC Class
harmful
R 22 36/37/38
S 26 36/37/39
RTECS
IQ0220000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
Merck
13,3255
Beilstein/Gmelin
3589311
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-00128
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H8ClN
Formula mass
81.55
Melting point, °C
170 - 173
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.75 (25 C)
Solubility in water
3000 g/L (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep away from water. Do not get water inside containers.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not allow contact with water.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Reduce airborne dust and prevent scattering by moistening with water. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers.
Disposal code
3
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents. Material is deliquescent.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitric oxide (NOx) and ammonia (NH3) fumes.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use water spray or dry chemical. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Do NOT get water inside containers.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
May cause reproductive and fetal effects.
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
HS Code
2921 11 90