Former use selective pre-plant soil incorporated control of many annual grass and broad leaf weeds in cotton, soya beans, groundnuts, peas, beans, safflowers, sunflowers, carrots, turnips, fennel, chickory, and in transported tomatoes, capsicums, aubergines, and brassicas.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
1.5 g/cm3 (25 C)
Hazards and Protection.
Do not reuse containers. Dilute concentrations are degraded by ultraviolet irradiation. Concentrate is stable when stored in cans or in amber glass containers. The concentrate has a shelf life of 2 years or more in closed metal containers. Store at temperatures above 4.4 C.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear goggles or face shield when handling the concentrate.
Use NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator appropriate for exposure of concern.
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Relatively stable at room temperature; decomposes above 200 C. Dilute solutions are degraded by UV irradiation.
Strong oxidizing agents.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
The emulsifiable concentrate is combustible and should be kept away from heat or an open flame.
Coma was reported following ingestion of an herbicide containing atrazine, aminotriazole, ethylene glycol, and formaldehyde. Muscle tremors, tetany, and ataxia have been reported in animals following ingestions of triazine herbicides.
Emesis: ipecac-induced vomiting is not recommended because there is so little information about the effects of overdose in humans. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents. Consider after ingestion of a potentially life-threatening amount of poison if it can be performed soon after ingestion (generally within 1 hour). If persons exposed to triazines exhibit symptoms of severe toxicosis, concurrent absorption of other or additional toxins should be considered.
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.