Dodecanoyl chloride

  • Lauroyl chloride
  • Dodecanoic acid chloride
  • Lauric acid chloride
Formula
CH3(CH2)10COCl
Structure
Description
Water-white liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
112-16-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-941-7
EC Class
corrosive
S 26 36/37/39 45
UN (DOT)
3265
Beilstein/Gmelin
1281201
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-01103
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C12H23ClO
Formula mass
218.77
Melting point, °C
-12
Boiling point, °C
267
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.009 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
7.54
Density
0.9169 g/cm3 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Refractive index
1.4458 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
5.77
Heat of vaporization
50.5 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives area.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Use with adequate ventilation. Discard contaminated shoes.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
11
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Water, strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, amines.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
122
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Substance may react with water, and may release corrosive and/or toxic gases. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or water spray. For large fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam, or water spray. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Fire potential
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause severe gastrointestinal tract irritation with nausea, vomiting and possible burns.
   Inhalation
May cause severe respiratory tract irritation and possible burns.
   Skin
Causes skin burns.
   Eyes
Causes eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Discard contaminated clothing in a manner which limits further exposure.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation is required (at least 30 minutes).

Transport.
UN number
3265
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
HS Code
2915 90 80