Doxycycline hydrochloride

  • Dossiciclina Iclato
  • Doxycycline Hyclate
  • Doxycyclini Hyclas
  • 2-Naphthacenecarboxamide, 4-(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro- 3,5,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-, monohydrochloride
Formula
C22H24N2O8.HCl
Structure
Description
Yellow hygroscopic crystalline powder.
Uses
Antibiotic.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
10592-13-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
234-198-7
RTECS
QI8925000
RTECS class
Drug; Reproductive Effector
Beilstein/Gmelin
4777717
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C22H24N2O8*ClH
Formula mass
480.90
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Refrigerator (approx 4 C).
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause bone marrow abnormalities with damage to blood forming tissues. Reproductive effects have been reported in animals.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause liver damage. May cause bone structure abnormalities. May be harmful if swallowed. May produce nervous system disturbances.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Wash clothing before reuse. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.