(E)-2-Methylpent-2-enenitrile

  • 2-Pentenenitrile, 2-methyl-, (E)
  • trans-a-Methyl-b-ethylacrylonitrile
Formula
C6H9N
Structure

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
31551-28-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
250-694-6
Beilstein/Gmelin
1720167
Beilstein Reference
2-02-00-00405
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H9N
Formula mass
95.14
Boiling point, °C
157.2 - 157.6
Vapor pressure, mmHg
4
Density
0.8286 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Refractive index
1.4338 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Use NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator appropriate for exposure of concern.
Small spills/leaks
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Anorexia may be noted in patients exposed chronically, while nausea and vomiting are seen in acute exposures. Vomiting has preceded serious toxicity within several hours in most cases of ingestion.
   Inhalation
Hyperpnea, respiratory insufficiency, kussmaul respirations, and chest tightness have been reported.
   Skin
Splash contact with the liquid may cause faint erythema of short duration. Chronic exposure may produce maculopapular vesicular dermatitis.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
The possible benefit of early removal of some ingested material by cautious gastric lavage must be weighed against potential complications of bleeding or perforation. Activated charcoal activated charcoal binds most toxic agents and can decrease their systemic absorption if administered soon after ingestion. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing. Wash exposed area with soap and water. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. Launder clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
If symptoms develop, immediately move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. Flush eyes gently with water for at least 15 minutes while holding eyelids apart; seek immediate medical attention.

Transport.