Colorless, viscous liquid, unpleasant, fishy, ammoniacal odor. Hygroscopic.
CO2 and hydrogen sulfide extraction from natural gas and other gases, pharmaceutic aid, dispersing agent for agricultural chemicals, softening agent for hides, used in accelerator in manufacture of antibiotics, for prodn of emulsifiers, in polishes, in hair waving soln, in synth of surface active agents.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
R 20 36/37/38
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.5 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
526 ppm at 20 C
<1 (butyl acetate = 1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold .6 ppm
1.0164 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
24.1 cp (20 C)
48.89 g/s2 (20 C)
1.4539 (20 C)
2.27 D (25 C)
37.72 (25 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from heat and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
B3 D2B E
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not ingest or inhale. Discard contaminated shoes. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use. Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Absorbs carbon dioxide from the air.
Sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, carbon dioxide in the air, copper, copper alloys, galvanized iron, aluminum, acetic anhydride, acrolein, acrylic acid, acrylonitrile, chlorosulfonic acid, epichlorohydrin, hydrofluoric acid, mesityl oxide, nitric acid, oleum, beta-propiolactone, and vinyl acetate.
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Vapors mixed with air can explode when ignited. Combustible Liquid. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers.
Moderately flammable. Requires moderate heating.
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Irritating vapors generated when heated.
TLV: 3 ppm; 7.5 mg/m3; STEL: 6 ppm, 15 mg/m3 ACGIH 1993). OSHA PEL: TWA 3 ppm (6 mg/m3) NIOSH REL: TWA 3 ppm (8 mg/m3) ST 6 ppm (15 mg/m3) NIOSH IDLH: 30 ppm
May cause liver and kidney damage. Effects may be delayed.
May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. May cause perforation of the digestive tract. May be harmful if swallowed. May cause systemic effects.
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. May cause systemic effects. Inhalation at high concentrations may cause CNS depression and asphixiation.
Causes moderate skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin. Causes skin burns. May cause dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities. May cause skin rash (in milder cases), and cold and clammy skin with cyanosis or pale color.
Causes eye burns. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation is required (at least 30 minutes).