- Dimethoate ethyl O,O-dimethyl S-(N-ethylcarbamoylmethyl) dithiophosphate
- American cyanamid 18706
- Cl 18706
White crystalline solid. Slightly aromatic odor.
Systemic insecticide & acaricide former use.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
1.164 g/cm3 (70 C)
Solubility in water
8.5x10+3 mg/L @ 25 C
Hazards and Protection.
Must be stored in its sealed original containers, in well-aired, fresh and dry storehouses or in shaded and possibly well-aired places. It is recommended that the product's Ideal materials for s exceed 25-30C, and keep.Away from sources of heat, free flames or spark-generating equipment. Containers must be stacked in such a way as to permit free circulation of air.At bottom and inside of piles storage areas must be located at suitable distance from inhabited buildings, animal shelters, and food stores; moreover, they must be inaccessible to unauthorized persons, children, and domestic animals.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Workers handling and applying organophosphate pesticides must be given personal protective equipment comprising overalls made of a tight fabric or polyvinyl chloride, gloves, and rubber boots. The eyes should be protected by goggles.
Respiratory protection (supplied-air respirator with full facepiece or self-contained breathing apparatus) should be available where these compounds are manufactured or used and should be worn in case of emergency and overexposure.<BR>Wear a respirator with an activated-carbon gas filter cartridge affording protection for a determined number of working hours.
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Stable in aqueous solution but hydrolyzed by alkali at room temperature.
If material on fire or involved in fire: Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped or safely confined. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use alcohol foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemical.
Reduced body temperature or elevated body temperature may occur. Low heart rate and abnormally low blood pressure may develop after moderate to severe poisoning. Rapid heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and changes in respiratory rate may also occur. Early giddiness, anxiety headache, and restlessness followed by ataxia, drowsiness, and confusion are common with moderate to severe exposures. Sporadic reports of human birth defects related to organophosphates have not been fully verified.
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea are common muscarinic effects. Both painless and frank clinical pancreatitis have been reported.
Increased bronchial secretions, bronchospasm and dyspnea occur in moderate to severe exposures. Respiratory failure and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema may occur with severe poisonings. Acute respiratory insufficiency is the main cause of death in acute poisonings. The hydrocarbon vehicle may cause chemical pneumonitis.
Profuse sweating is common. Pallor may be noted. Dermal sensitization has been reported.
Constriction of the pupil, tearing, and blurred vision are common. Prolonged dialation of the pupils may occur. Salivation commonly occurs.
Seek medical attention. If individual is drowsy or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth; place individual on the left side with the head down. Contact a physician, medical facility, or poison control center for advice about whether to induce vomiting. If possible, do not leave individual unattended.
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
Systemic effects can occur from dermal exposure to organophosphates. Remove contaminated clothing, wash skin, hair and nails vigorously with repeated soap washings. Leather absorbs pesticides; all contaminated leather should be discarded. Rescue personnel and bystanders should avoid direct contact with contaminated skin, clothing, or other objects. Treatment should include recommendations listed in the oral exposure section when appropriate.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility. Patients symptomatic following exposure should be observed in a controlled setting until all signs and symptoms have fully resolved. Treatment should include recommendations listed in the oral exposure section when appropriate.