Ethoate-Methyl

  • Dimethoate ethyl O,O-dimethyl S-(N-ethylcarbamoylmethyl) dithiophosphate
  • AC18706
  • American cyanamid 18706
  • Cl 18706
Formula
C6H14NO3PS2
Structure
Description
White crystalline solid. Slightly aromatic odor.
Uses
Systemic insecticide & acaricide former use.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
116-01-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
204-121-1
EC Index Number
015-089-00-1
EC Class
Harmful
RTECS
TE0960000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide
Beilstein/Gmelin
1911893
EPA OPP
431200
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-4461

Properties.
Formula
C6H14NO3PS2
Formula mass
243.30
Melting point, °C
67-68
Density
1.164 g/cm3 (70 C)
Solubility in water
8.5x10+3 mg/L @ 25 C

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Must be stored in its sealed original containers, in well-aired, fresh and dry storehouses or in shaded and possibly well-aired places. It is recommended that the product's Ideal materials for s exceed 25-30C, and keep.Away from sources of heat, free flames or spark-generating equipment. Containers must be stacked in such a way as to permit free circulation of air.At bottom and inside of piles storage areas must be located at suitable distance from inhabited buildings, animal shelters, and food stores; moreover, they must be inaccessible to unauthorized persons, children, and domestic animals.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Workers handling and applying organophosphate pesticides must be given personal protective equipment comprising overalls made of a tight fabric or polyvinyl chloride, gloves, and rubber boots. The eyes should be protected by goggles.
Respirators
Respiratory protection (supplied-air respirator with full facepiece or self-contained breathing apparatus) should be available where these compounds are manufactured or used and should be worn in case of emergency and overexposure.<BR>Wear a respirator with an activated-carbon gas filter cartridge affording protection for a determined number of working hours.
Small spills/leaks
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Stability
Stable in aqueous solution but hydrolyzed by alkali at room temperature.

Fire.
Fire fighting
If material on fire or involved in fire: Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped or safely confined. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use alcohol foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemical.

Health.
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
Reduced body temperature or elevated body temperature may occur. Low heart rate and abnormally low blood pressure may develop after moderate to severe poisoning. Rapid heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and changes in respiratory rate may also occur. Early giddiness, anxiety headache, and restlessness followed by ataxia, drowsiness, and confusion are common with moderate to severe exposures. Sporadic reports of human birth defects related to organophosphates have not been fully verified.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea are common muscarinic effects. Both painless and frank clinical pancreatitis have been reported.
   Inhalation
Increased bronchial secretions, bronchospasm and dyspnea occur in moderate to severe exposures. Respiratory failure and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema may occur with severe poisonings. Acute respiratory insufficiency is the main cause of death in acute poisonings. The hydrocarbon vehicle may cause chemical pneumonitis.
   Skin
Profuse sweating is common. Pallor may be noted. Dermal sensitization has been reported.
   Eyes
Constriction of the pupil, tearing, and blurred vision are common. Prolonged dialation of the pupils may occur. Salivation commonly occurs.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical attention. If individual is drowsy or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth; place individual on the left side with the head down. Contact a physician, medical facility, or poison control center for advice about whether to induce vomiting. If possible, do not leave individual unattended.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Systemic effects can occur from dermal exposure to organophosphates. Remove contaminated clothing, wash skin, hair and nails vigorously with repeated soap washings. Leather absorbs pesticides; all contaminated leather should be discarded. Rescue personnel and bystanders should avoid direct contact with contaminated skin, clothing, or other objects. Treatment should include recommendations listed in the oral exposure section when appropriate.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility. Patients symptomatic following exposure should be observed in a controlled setting until all signs and symptoms have fully resolved. Treatment should include recommendations listed in the oral exposure section when appropriate.

Transport.