Ethyl (S)-3-hydroxybutyrate

  • Butanoic acid, 3-hydroxy-, ethyl ester, (S)-
Formula
C6H12O3
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
56816-01-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
260-393-1
Beilstein/Gmelin
3587630
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H12O3
Formula mass
132.16
Boiling point, °C
75 - 76 (16 hPa)
Density
1.01 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Protection
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Disposal code
1
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
64
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Combustible Liquid. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Health.
Poison_Class
F (Not subject to toxicity classification)
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May be harmful if swallowed. Depletes calcium levels in the body which if left untreated can lead to hypocalcemia and
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. May be harmful if inhaled. Depletes calcium levels in the body which if left untreated can lead to hypocalcemia and death.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. Initial contact may be painless but will penetrate tissue causing severe necrosis and bone destruction.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
HS Code
2918 19 80