Ethyl acetylpyruvate

  • Ethyl acetopyruvate
  • Ethyl 2,4-dioxovalerate
  • Ethyl 2,4-dioxopentanoate
  • Ethyl (acetylmethyl)glyoxylate
  • Valeric acid, 2,4-dioxo-, ethyl ester
  • Pentanoic acid, 2,4-dioxo-, ethyl ester
Formula
C7H10O4
Structure
Description
Clear very slight yellow liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
615-79-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
210-447-5
Beilstein/Gmelin
607062
Beilstein Reference
4-03-00-01777
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C7H10O4
Formula mass
158.15
Melting point, °C
16 - 18
Boiling point, °C
215
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.15 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
5.45
Density
1.1318 g/cm3 (15 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Refractive index
1.4757 (17 C)
pKa/pKb
6.86 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-0.19
Heat of vaporization
45.1 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Acids, bases, oxidizing agents, reducing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
86
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Health
1
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
HS Code
2918 30 00