Ethyl sulfate

  • Ethyl sulfuric acid
  • Ethy hydrogen sulfate
  • Sulfuric acid, monoethyl ester
  • Sulfethylic acid
  • Sulfovinic acid
Formula
C2H5OSO2OH
Structure
Description
Alkylsulfuric acids are colorless, oily liquids.
Uses
Intermediate in the production of ethanol from ethylene.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
540-82-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-758-6
RTECS
WT1101700
UN (DOT)
2571
Merck
12,3897
Beilstein/Gmelin
1702254
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01324
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H6O4S
Formula mass
126.13
Boiling point, °C
254
Decomposition point, °C
280
Density
1.316 g/cm3 (17 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Refractive index
1.4105 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-1.1

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Use water spray to knock-down vapors. Land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Absorb bulk liquid with fly ash, cement powder, or commercial sorbents. Water spill: Use natural barriers or oil spill control booms to limit spill travel. Remove trapped material with suction hoses.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Can react with active metals, including iron and aluminum, and also many less active metals, to dissolve the metal and liberate hydrogen and/or toxic gases.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Use dry chemical, dry sand, or carbon dioxide. Do not use water on material itself. If large quantities of combustibles are involved, use water in flooding quantities as spray and fog. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
Fire potential
May burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
Substance will react with water (some violently) releasing flammable, toxic or corrosive gases and runoff. When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
1
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See Inhalation.
   Inhalation
TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns, or death.
   Skin
See Inhalation.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
   Eyes
Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
2571
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
II
 
Std. Transport #
4936316