- 2-Chloroethyl alcohol
- Glycol chlorohydrin
Ethylene chlorohydrin is a colorless liquid with an ether-like odor.
Manufacture of insecticides, treating sweet potatoes before planting.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
S 7/9 28 45
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
5 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
Solubility in water
3.59 cp (20 C)
38.9 g/s2 (20 C)
1.4419 (20 C)
22.6 (22 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area. Store protected from moisture.
B3 D1A D2B
Wash hands before eating. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not allow contact with water. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Moisture, strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
Hydrogen chloride, chlorine, phosgene, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Water may be ineffective. DO NOT USE WATER! Do NOT get water inside containers. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
Moderate fire hazard, when exposed to heat, flame or oxidizers.
Its decomposition products will react with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes of phosgene and hydrogen chloride. Vapors are heavier than air and may flash back to a source of ignition.
Toxic hydrogen chloride and phosgene fumes may be formed during combustion..
TLV: 1 ppm; 3.3 mg/m3 (as CEILING) (skin) (ACGIH 1992-1993). OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (16 mg/m3) skin NIOSH REL: C 1 ppm (3 mg/m3) skin NIOSH IDLH: 7 ppm
May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause fetal effects. Effects may be delayed.
Harmful if swallowed. May cause central nervous system depression, kidney damage, and liver damage. Symptoms may include: headache, excitement, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, stupor, and coma. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Human fatalities have been reported from acute poisoning.
Harmful if inhaled. Causes severe irritation of upper respiratory tract with coughing, burns, breathing difficulty, and possible coma. May cause lung damage. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Inhalation at high concentrations may cause CNS depression and asphixiation. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
Causes skin irritation. May be fatal if absorbed through the skin. May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
Causes severe eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.