- Monoethylene glycol
Clear, colorless, syrupy liquid, hygroscopic.
Automotive antifreeze, solvent, adjuvant.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Decomposition point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.06 (20 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
66 ppm at 20 C
600 (diethyl ether = 1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold Odorless
1.115 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
26 cp @ 15C
48.4 g/s2 @ 20 C
1.43312 (20 C)
2.28 D (20 C)
37.7 (25 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Wear appropriate eye protection and protective clothing to prevent skin and eye contact.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Chlorosulfonic acid, dimethyl terephthalate, oleum, phosphorus pentasulfide, silvered-copper wire, sodium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, titanium butoxide. Causes ignition at room temperature with chromium trioxide, potassium permanganate, and sodium peroxide. Causes ignition at 100 C with ammonium dichromate, silver chlorate, sodium chloride, and uranyl nitrate.
Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide may form when heated to decomposition. May produce acrid smoke and irritating fumes when heated to decomposition.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode. Extinguish using dry chemical, foam or carbon dioxide. Water or foam may cause frothing. Water spray may be used to extinguish surrounding fire and cool exposed containers. Water spray will also reduce fume and irritant gases.
This chemical is combustible.
Toxic gases and vapors may be released if involved in a fire.
TLV: 50 ppm; 127 mg/m3 as CEILING (ACGIH 1993-1994). NIOSH REL: See Appendix D
Repeated small exposures by any route can cause severe kidney problems. Brain damage may also occur. Skin allergy can develop. May damage the developing fetus.
Initial symptoms in massive dosage parallel alcohol intoxication, progressing to CNS depression, vomiting, headache, rapid respiratory and heart rate, lowered blood pressure, stupor, collapse, and unconsciousness with convulsions. Death from respiratory arrest or cardiovascular collapse may follow. Lethal dose in humans: 100 ml.
Vapor inhalation is generally not a problem unless heated or misted. Exposure to vapors over an extended time period has caused throat irritation and headache. May cause nausea, vomiting, dizziness and drowsiness. Pulmonary edema and central nervous system depression may also develop. When heated or misted, has produced rapid, involuntary eye movement and coma.
May cause skin irritation. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
Splashes may cause irritation, pain, eye damage.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.
USCG CHRIS Code
20 Alcohols, Glycols
2905 31 00
Std. Transport #
IMO Pollution Category