Fructose

  • d-Fructose
  • Fructosteril
  • Fruit sugar
  • Frutabs
  • Hexose
  • Laevoral
Formula
C6H12O6
Structure
Description
White crystalline powder. Odorless.
Uses
Foodstuffs, medicine, preservative.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7660-25-5
RTECS
LS7000000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Natural Product
Beilstein/Gmelin
1423189
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-04402
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H12O6
Formula mass
180.18
Melting point, °C
104
Boiling point, °C
401
Vapor pressure, mmHg
4E-8 (25 C)
Density
800 g/L
Solubility in water
Soluble
Refractive index
1.5101 (108 C)
pKa/pKb
11.52 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-0.38
Heat of vaporization
75.4 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-2812 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store at room temperature and 50% relative humidity for best handling characteristics. Conveying and handling equipment should be grounded. Avoid sources of ignition where fine dusts are produced.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Wear a dust mask if dust is a nuisance.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up personnel should wear suitable protective clothing. Sweep up spilled material into containers for later disposal. Wash down spill site with water.
Stability
Stable at normal temperature and pressure.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Oxides of carbon.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
196
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Inhalation
Inhalation of dust may be irritating to upper respiratory tract.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Even though a substance may be considered non-toxic for the amount ingested or packaged, it should not be considered as non-toxic in any amounts. Even ingestions of various foodstuffs can cause adverse symptoms if large amounts are eaten (green apples, garlic, onion). The most important fact to remember is to treat the patient not the poison, especially when the diagnosis is unknown. Knowing that the product is listed as non-toxic helps avoid overtreating the patient or being over zealous in getting a patient to professional medical care. If there is a question of simultaneous ingestion of a product which may be more dangerous, the management on the more toxic agent should be consulted.
   Inhalation
Although inhalation of common dust may not be considered toxic, it is certainly a hazard if there is inhalation of too many particles. Individuals should be removed from exposure to too high a concentration of even relatively non-toxic substances.
   Skin
Foreign materials spilled on the skin may not represent a toxic or irritation hazard in small quantities, but may produce adverse effects if applied in large quantities or if used over a significant period of time. Whenever possible, foreign materials should be removed from the skin with simple washing. Should skin irritation or erythema occur, a patient may wish to seek medical assistance.
   Eyes
Foreign materials in the eye may not cause a toxic reaction, but injury from a foreign body may occur. In such cases, the patient should be observed for eye irritation and should seek medical assistance if the irritation becomes significant.

Transport.