Fusel oil

  • Oils, fusel
  • Alcohols, fusel
Formula
Unspecified
Description
A clear colorless liquid with a mild odor. Primarily a mixture of amyl alcohols, primarily isoamyl alcohol and 2-methyl-1-butanol.
Uses
Used as a solvent in the manufacture of certain lacquers and enamels.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
8013-75-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-395-2
RTECS
LV5600000
RTECS class
Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
UN (DOT)
1201
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Boiling point, °C
122

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Use water spray to disperse vapors and dilute standing pools of liquid.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Flammable and/or toxic gases are generated by combination with with alkali metals, nitrides, and strong reducing agents Reacts with oxoacids and carboxylic acids to form esters plus water Incompatible with oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use alcohol foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
The toxological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause irritation or burns.
   Skin
See Inhalation.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash skin with soap and water. Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes
   Eyes
Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
1201
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
II; III
 
Std. Transport #
4912269