- Gallium trifluoride
Odorless, white powder.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
S: 26 36/37/39 45
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
4.47 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Hazards and Protection.
Store under dry inert gas. Protect from humidity and water. Keep container tightly sealed. Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers. Store under lock and key and with access restricted to technical experts or their assistants only.
Protective work clothing. Chemical protective gloves. Safety glasses or goggles.
Use neutralizing agent. Ensure adequate ventilation.
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Hydrogen fluoride, gallium oxide fumes.
Product is not flammable. Use fire fighting measures that suit the surrounding fire. Wear self-contained respirator. Wear fully protective impervious suit.
ACGIH TLV: 2.5 mg/m3 (as F)
Gallium and gallium compounds may cause metallic taste, dermatitis and depression of the bone marrow function. Large doses may cause hemorrhagic nephritis. Fluorides may cause salivation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain, followed by weakness, tremors, shallow respiration, convulsions and coma. May cause brain and kidney damage. Chronic fluoride poisoning can cause severe bone changes, loss of weight, anorexia, anemia and dental defects.
Ingestion may cause damage to the mouth, throat and esophagus.
Inhalation may result in respiratory effects such as inflammation, edema, and chemical pneumonitis. May cause coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea and vomiting.
May cause skin burns or irritation depending on the severity of the exposure.
Eye contact may result in permanent damage and complete vision loss.
Seek medical treatment.
Supply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm. Seek immediate medical advice.
Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly. Seek immediate medical advice.
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.