Gallium fluoride

  • Gallium trifluoride
Formula
GaF3
Structure
Description
Odorless, white powder.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7783-51-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-004-5
S: 26 36/37/39 45
UN (DOT)
3260
Merck
12,4367
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
F3Ga
Formula mass
126.72
Melting point, °C
800
Boiling point, °C
1000
Density
4.47 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
0.02 g/L

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store under dry inert gas. Protect from humidity and water. Keep container tightly sealed. Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers. Store under lock and key and with access restricted to technical experts or their assistants only.
Protection
Protective work clothing. Chemical protective gloves. Safety glasses or goggles.
Small spills/leaks
Use neutralizing agent. Ensure adequate ventilation.
Stability
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Incompatibilities
Water/moisture, acids.
Decomposition
Hydrogen fluoride, gallium oxide fumes.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Product is not flammable. Use fire fighting measures that suit the surrounding fire. Wear self-contained respirator. Wear fully protective impervious suit.
Combustion products
Hydrogen fluoride.
Health
3
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
2
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
ACGIH TLV: 2.5 mg/m3 (as F)
Exposure effects
Gallium and gallium compounds may cause metallic taste, dermatitis and depression of the bone marrow function. Large doses may cause hemorrhagic nephritis. Fluorides may cause salivation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain, followed by weakness, tremors, shallow respiration, convulsions and coma. May cause brain and kidney damage. Chronic fluoride poisoning can cause severe bone changes, loss of weight, anorexia, anemia and dental defects.
   Ingestion
Ingestion may cause damage to the mouth, throat and esophagus.
   Inhalation
Inhalation may result in respiratory effects such as inflammation, edema, and chemical pneumonitis. May cause coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea and vomiting.
   Skin
May cause skin burns or irritation depending on the severity of the exposure.
   Eyes
Eye contact may result in permanent damage and complete vision loss.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical treatment.
   Inhalation
Supply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm. Seek immediate medical advice.
   Skin
Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly. Seek immediate medical advice.
   Eyes
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.

Transport.
UN number
3260
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
III