Gallium(III) fluoride trihydrate

  • Gallium trifluoride trihydrate
  • Gallium fluoride (GaF3), trihydrate
Formula
GaF3 : 3H2O
Structure
Description
white crystals

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
22886-66-4
20/21/22

Properties.
Formula
F3GaH6O3
Formula mass
180.76
Melting point, °C
>140 (decomposes)
Boiling point, °C
 

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep container closed. Store in a cool dry place.
Protection
Compatible chemical-resistant gloves. Chemical safety goggles. Protective clothing.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, place in a bag and hold for waste disposal. Avoid raising dust. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pickup is complete.
Incompatibilities
Acids
Decomposition
Hydrogen fluoride.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Extinguish with water spray, carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder or appropriate foam. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Hazards
Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions. Harmful solid.

Health.
Exposure effects
Harmful if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through skin. Symptoms of fluoride overexposure may include salivation, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, and labored breathing. Fluoride ion can reduce serum calcium levels possibly causing fatal hypocalcemia. Prolonged exposure to fluoride dusts, vapors, or mists results in perforation of the nasal septum. Chronic effects include excessive calcification of the bones, ligaments, and tendons.
   Skin
May cause irritation.
   Eyes
May cause irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If swallowed, wash out mouth with water provided person is conscious. Call a physician.
   Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
In case of contact, immediately wash skin with soap and copious amounts of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Call a physician.
   Eyes
In case of contact with eyes, flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Assure adequate flushing by separating the eyelids with fingers. Call a physician.

Transport.