- A 76
- Motor fuel
Bronze color, clear & bright liquid. A complex combination of hydrocarbons consisting primarily of paraffins, cycloparaffins, aromatic and olefinic hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly greater than C3 and boiling in the range of 30 C to 260 C
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Carcinogenic Category 2; Harmful
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
>400 (20 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
0.7 - 0.8 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Hazards and Protection.
Keep bottles, cans and drums closed and avoid direct sunlight. Protect containers against physical damage. No fire. Outdoor or detached storage is preferred. For indoor storage, use standard combustible liquid storage rooms or cabinets.
The flow of gasoline through the pump nozzle can produce static electricity, which may cause a fire if gasoline is pumped into an ungrounded container. To avoid static buildup, place approved container on the ground. Do not fill container in vehicle or truck bed. Keep nozzle in contact with container while filling. Do not use automatic pump handle (latch-open) device. Keep all storage vessels closed. Material will ignite when exposed to air. Air trapped within the storage container may be removed by placing dry ice in the container prior to closing. Turn off all battery operated portable electronic devices (examples include: cellular phones, pagers and CD players) before operating gasoline pump. Use only with adequate ventilation.
Protective goggles, gloves. Wear goggles, or rubber gloves, a chemical cartridge respirator and coveralls.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents such as nitric acid, peroxides, and perchlorates.
Thermal decomposition products are highly dependent on combustion conditions. A complex mixture of airborne solids, liquids and gases will evolve when this material undergoes pyrolysis or combustion. aldehydes, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, peroxide and other unidentified organic compounds may be formed upon combustion.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Clear fire area of all non-emergency personnel. Only enter confined fire space with full bunker gear, including a positive pressure, NIOSH-approved, self-contained breathing apparatus. Cool surrounding equipment, fire-exposed containers and structures with water. Container areas exposed to direct flame contact should be cooled with large quantities of water (500 gallons water per minute flame impingement exposure) to prevent weakening of container structure. Do not use a direct stream of water. Material will float and can be re-ignited on surface of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide to extinguish fire.
Quite flammable, combustion probable
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
None Vapor is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back.
NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A
Mild central nervous system depression or excitation may occur after ingestion or vapor inhalation. CNS effects can occur secondary to hydrocarbon pneumonitis and hypoxia, or from additives and contaminants (aniline, heavy metals, camphor, or pesticides). Some hydrocarbons are simple asphyxiants (e.G., Methane, ethane, propane gasses) which can produce CNS effects secondary to hypoxia. In a prospective study in Toronto, major congenital malformations were noted in 13 of 125 fetuses of mothers exposed to organic solvents during pregnancy.
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain may occur following ingestion.
Coughing, choking, tachypnea, dyspnea, cyanosis, rales, hemoptysis, pulmonary edema, pneumatoceles, lipoid pneumonia, or respiratory arrest may develop following ingestion and aspiration.
May cause irritation or burns.
Pure petroleum distillates - gastric decontamination is not indicated in the majority of accidental ingestions, since systemic toxicity is unlikely from a pure petroleum distillate. Other hydrocarbons - gastric decontamination may be indicated if a large amount of a toxic hydrocarbon has been ingested (e.G., Suicide attempt) and if spontaneous vomiting has not occurred. Decontamination may also be indicated for ingestions of highly toxic hydrocarbons (e.G., Halogenated hydrocarbons, carbon tetrachloride) and for hydrocarbons which contain very toxic additives (e.G., Heavy metals, pesticides). The decision to decontaminate should be based on the toxicity of the agent, the volume ingested, time of ingestion and patient's clinical status. The potential for rapid cns depression, with seizures and/or respiratory depression, must be considered.
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists. Some chemicals can produce systemic poisoning by absorption through intact skin. Carefully observe patients with dermal exposure for the development of any systemic signs or symptoms and administer symptomatic treatment as necessary.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.