Glucose

  • Dextrose
  • Grape sugar
  • D-Glucose
  • Dextrosol
Formula
C6H12O6
Structure
Description
Colorless crystals or white granular powder. Odorless.
Uses
Therap cat: fluid and nutrient replenisher.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
50-99-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-075-1
RTECS
LZ6600000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
Merck
12,4467
Beilstein/Gmelin
1724615
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-04302
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H12O6
Formula mass
180.16
Melting point, °C
146
Density
1.54 g/cm3 (30 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble
Viscosity
560.00 cp (145 C)
Surface tension
71.73 g/s2 (170 C)
Refractive index
1.5101 (142 C)
pKa/pKb
12.92 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-3.24

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Protective garments not normally required. Clothing: Protective garments not normally required.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Autoignition, °C
500
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Dusts at sufficient concentrations can form explosive mixtures with air. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Health
0
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
F (Not subject to toxicity classification)
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
No hazard expected in normal industrial use. May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
   Inhalation
No hazard expected in normal industrial use. May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid if irritation or symptoms occur.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
   Eyes
Gently lift eyelids and flush continuously with water. If irritation develops, get medical aid.

Transport.
USCG CHRIS Code
DTS
 
43 Misc. water solutions
HS Code
1702 30 51
 
IMO Chemical Code
18
IMO Pollution Category
III