Heptanenitrile

  • Hexyl cyanide
  • Enanthonitrile
  • Heptanonitrile
  • 1-Cyanohexane
Formula
C7H13N
Structure
Description
Yellow clear liquid

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
629-08-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
211-071-4
R 20/21/22
S 23 36/37
UN (DOT)
3276
Beilstein/Gmelin
1740405
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00963
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C7H13N
Formula mass
111.19
Melting point, °C
-64
Boiling point, °C
174 - 177
Vapor pressure, mmHg
29 (15 C)
Density
0.82524 - 0.80177 g/cm3 (0 - 30 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Refractive index
1.4104 (30 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles, protective gloves and clothing to prevent exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
Decomposition
Hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
58
Fire fighting
Wear approved SCBA in full pressure-demand and full protective gear. Combustible Liquid. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
Harmful if inhaled.
   Skin
Harmful if absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
3276
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III