Hexadecanoyl chloride

  • Palmitoyl chloride
  • Palmitic chloride
  • Palmitic acid chloride
  • Palmityl acid chloride
  • Hexadecanoic acid chloride
Formula
CH3(CH2)14COCl
Structure
Description
A clear colorless to light yellow liquid with a pungent odor.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
112-67-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-996-7
EC Class
corrosive
S 26 36/37/39 45
UN (DOT)
3265
Beilstein/Gmelin
972409
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-01182
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-7851
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C16H31ClO
Formula mass
274.88
Melting point, °C
12
Boiling point, °C
324
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.0003 (25 C)
Density
0.9016 g/cm3 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Refractive index
1.4514 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
7.90
Heat of vaporization
56.5 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Disposal code
11
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, phosgene, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
156
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
Fire potential
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
No information regarding skin irritation and other potential effects was found.
   Eyes
No information regarding eye irritation and other potential effects was found.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
3265
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
HS Code
2915 90 80
 
Std. Transport #
4936047