Hexylamine

  • 1-Aminohexane
Formula
CH3(CH2)5NH2
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
111-26-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-851-8
EC Class
flammable, harmful, corrosive
R 10 20/21/22 35
S 26 36/37/39 45
RTECS
MQ4540000
RTECS class
Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
2733
Beilstein/Gmelin
95286
Beilstein Reference
4-27-00-06641
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2279
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H15N
Formula mass
101.19
Melting point, °C
-19
Boiling point, °C
131
Vapor pressure, mmHg
18
Vapor density (air=1)
3.5
Critical temperature
314
Critical pressure
32.7
Density
0.766 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
12 g/L
Refractive index
1.4180 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.42

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Disposal code
5
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
27
Autoignition, °C
270
Upper exp. limit, %
9.3
Lower exp. limit, %
2.1
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
Fire potential
Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.
   Skin
Causes severe skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
Causes severe eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Discard contaminated clothing in a manner which limits further exposure.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2733
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
7. Aliphatic amines
HS Code
2921 19 80
 
Std. Transport #
4910350