Ichthammol

  • Ammonium ichthosulfonate
  • Ammonium bithiolicum
  • Ichthyol
  • Lithol
  • Piscarol
  • Thiozin
Formula
Uspecified
Description
Pale yellow or brownish-black to dark brown very viscous liquid. Complex product obtained by the sulfonation and ammoniation of the distillation product from bituminous schists.
Uses
As an ointment, it is a soothing application, antifective and for treatment of bed sores.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
8029-68-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-439-0
RTECS
NH7550000
RTECS class
Drug; Human Data
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA
EPA OPP
46401
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with an organic vapor/acid gas cartridge (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas and SO2) with a dust/mist filter.
Small spills/leaks
If you should spill this chemical, use absorbent paper to pick up all liquid spill material. Seal the absorbent paper, as well as any of your clothing which may be contaminated, in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Wash any surfaces you may have contaminated with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Incompatible with acids, alkaloids, carbonates, hydroxides and mercuric chloride Incompatible with iodides and salts of iron and lead.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher.
Fire potential
This chemical is probably combustible.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See inhalation.
   Inhalation
Symptoms of exposure to this compound include mild irritation of the skin and eyes, diarrhea and gastrointestinal irritation. It may also cause nausea, pulmonary edema and coma. Gastrointestinal disturbances may occur.
   Skin
See inhalation.
   Eyes
See inhalation

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.