Isodecanol (mixed isomers)
- Isodecyl alcohol (mixed isomers)
Colorless liquid with a mild alcohol odor.
Chemical intermediate for the plasticizer, diisodecyl phthalate, ingredient in synthetic lubricants, agent in uranium refining, specialty solvent, antifoaming agent in textile processing.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
Vapor density (air=1)
0.841 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Materials which are toxic as stored or which can decompose into toxic components.Should be stored in a cool well ventilated place, out of the direct rays of the sun, away from areas of high fire hazard, and should be periodically inspected. Incompatible materials should be isolated.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Prevent dust cloud. Avoid inhalation of asbestos dust.
Attacks plastics Reacts violently with alcohols or water,.
Oxides of carbon.
Lower exp. limit, %
Fire Extinguishing Agents Not to Be Used: Water or foam may cause frothingFire Extinguishing Agents: Alcohol foam, dry chemicals or carbon dioxide
Moderate when exposed to heat or flame.
Containers may explode when heated.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Headache, dizziness, giddiness, ataxia, sedation and coma may occur.
Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are common. Gastrointestinal hemorrhage can occur.
Inhalation causes pulmonary tract irritation and rarely pulmonary edema. Severe respiratory depression or death has not been reported after inhalation.
Dermatitis of varying severity may be noted. Drying and fissuring of the skin may be noted following chronic exposure.
Vapor or splash contact exposure may cause burning, tearing, blurring of vision, and vacuolar keratopathy.
Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Consider aspiration of gastric contents with a nasogastric tube after substantial recent (within 1 hour) ingestions. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents. Hypotension: infuse 10 to 20 ml/kg isotonic fluid, place in trendelenburg position. If hypotension persists, administer dopamine (5 to 20 mcg/kg/min) or norepinephrine (0.1 To 0.2 Mcg/kg/min), titrate to desired response.
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.