Isodecanol (mixed isomers)

  • Isodecyl alcohol (mixed isomers)
Formula
C10H22O
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid with a mild alcohol odor.
Uses
Chemical intermediate for the plasticizer, diisodecyl phthalate, ingredient in synthetic lubricants, agent in uranium refining, specialty solvent, antifoaming agent in textile processing.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
25339-17-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
246-869-1
RTECS
NR0960000
RTECS class
Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
3082
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C10H22O
Formula mass
158.32
Melting point, °C
7
Boiling point, °C
220
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.02
Vapor density (air=1)
5.5
Density
0.841 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Heat of vaporization
44.1 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Materials which are toxic as stored or which can decompose into toxic components.Should be stored in a cool well ventilated place, out of the direct rays of the sun, away from areas of high fire hazard, and should be periodically inspected. Incompatible materials should be isolated.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chem goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Prevent dust cloud. Avoid inhalation of asbestos dust.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Attacks plastics Reacts violently with alcohols or water,.
Decomposition
Oxides of carbon.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
104
Autoignition, °C
285
Lower exp. limit, %
0.8
Fire fighting
Fire Extinguishing Agents Not to Be Used: Water or foam may cause frothingFire Extinguishing Agents: Alcohol foam, dry chemicals or carbon dioxide
Fire potential
Moderate when exposed to heat or flame.
Hazards
Containers may explode when heated.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
0
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Headache, dizziness, giddiness, ataxia, sedation and coma may occur.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are common. Gastrointestinal hemorrhage can occur.
   Inhalation
Inhalation causes pulmonary tract irritation and rarely pulmonary edema. Severe respiratory depression or death has not been reported after inhalation.
   Skin
Dermatitis of varying severity may be noted. Drying and fissuring of the skin may be noted following chronic exposure.
   Eyes
Vapor or splash contact exposure may cause burning, tearing, blurring of vision, and vacuolar keratopathy.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Consider aspiration of gastric contents with a nasogastric tube after substantial recent (within 1 hour) ingestions. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents. Hypotension: infuse 10 to 20 ml/kg isotonic fluid, place in trendelenburg position. If hypotension persists, administer dopamine (5 to 20 mcg/kg/min) or norepinephrine (0.1 To 0.2 Mcg/kg/min), titrate to desired response.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.

Transport.
UN number
3082
Response guide
Hazard class
9
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
ISA
 
20 Alcohols, Glycols
IMO Chemical Code
17
IMO Pollution Category
B
IMO Hazard code
P