Isopentyl formate

  • Isoamyl formate
  • Isoamyl methanoate
  • 3-Methylbutyl formate
  • 3-Methyl-1-butanol formate
Formula
HCOOCH2CH2CH(CH3)2
Structure
Uses
Artificial fruit syrups.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
110-45-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-769-2
EC Index Number
607-018-00-3
10 36/37
RTECS
NT0185000
RTECS class
Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1109
Merck
12,5133
Beilstein/Gmelin
1739893
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00030
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-5469
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H12O2
Formula mass
116.16
Melting point, °C
-93
Boiling point, °C
124
Vapor pressure, mmHg
12 (25 C)
Density
0.859 g/mL (25 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Refractive index
1.3976
Heat of vaporization
36.4 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks, and open flame. Store in a cool dry place.
Protection
Wear appropriate government approved respirator, chemical-resistant gloves, safety goggles, other protective
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Cover with dry-lime, sand, or soda ash. Place in covered containers using non-sparking tools and transport outdoors. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pickup is complete.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
22
Upper exp. limit, %
1.2
Lower exp. limit, %
8
Fire fighting
Extinguish using Water spray. Carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder, or appropriate foam. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Flammable liquid. Vapor may travel considerable distance to source of ignition and flash back. Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
Flammable. Irritant. Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
   Inhalation
Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause irritation or burns.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. Multiple Routes: May be harmful by inhalation, ingestion, or skin absorption. Vapor or mist is irritating to the eyes, mucous membranes, and upper respiratory tract.
   Eyes
See Skin.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If swallowed, wash out mouth with water provided person is conscious. Call a physician.
   Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
In case of contact, immediately wash skin with soap and copious amounts of water.
   Eyes
In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
1109
Response guide
Hazard class
3