Isopropyl alcohol, titanium(IV) salt

  • Isopropyl orthotitanate
  • Isopropyl titanate(IV)
  • Tetraisopropoxide titanium
  • Tetraisopropoxytitanium
  • Tetraisopropyl orthotitanate
  • Tetraisopropyl titanate
Formula
[(CH3)2CHO]4Ti
Structure
Description
Light yellow liquid.
Uses
Heat-resistant surface coatings in paints and plastics.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
546-68-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-909-6
EC Class
flammable, harmful, irritant
R 10 36
S 16 26 36
RTECS
NT8060000
RTECS class
Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1993
Merck
12,9614
Beilstein/Gmelin
3679474
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01469
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-4660
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C12H28O4Ti
Formula mass
284.25
Melting point, °C
18 - 20
Boiling point, °C
240
Vapor density (air=1)
9.8
Density
0.9711 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Decomposition
Viscosity
4.3 cP 25 C
Refractive index
1.46 (20 C)
Heat of vaporization
61.6 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from water. Flammables-area. Keep containers tightly closed. Store protected from moisture.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Use water spray to dilute spill to a non-flammable mixture. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Do not get water inside containers. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Disposal code
13
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Reacts with water to form toxic fumes.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents, anhydrous hydrazine, moisture.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, titanium/titanium oxides.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
51
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT get water inside containers. Do NOT use straight streams of water. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
-
Exposure effects
Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
   Skin
May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
1993
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
HS Code
2905 19 00
 
Std. Transport #
4910589