- Lamp oil
- Light petroleum
- Fuel oil no. 1
- Range oil
Pale yellow or colorless mobile, oily liquid with a characteristic odor. A mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons.
Fuels, fuel additives, lubricants and additives. Laboratory reagents.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
S 23 24 62
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Mutagen; Human Data; Primary Irritant
Boiling point, °C
175 - 325
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.5 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 1 ppm
0.80 g/cm3 (15 C)
Solubility in water
1.50 mm2/s (40 C)
25 g/s2) (20 C)
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Barrier creams, gloves, and protective clothing are recommended.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Wear a self contained breathing apparatus and appropriate Personal protection. (See Exposure Controls, Personal Protection section). Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Absorb spill using an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or vermiculite. Water spray may reduce vapor but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water. For large fires, use water spray, fog or regular foam. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or regular foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Flammable liquid and vapor.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. Substance may be transported hot.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
NIOSH REL: TWA 100 mg/m3
Prolonged or repeated inhalation of dusts may cause neurological damage. Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis. May cause anemia and other blood cell abnormalities.
Aspiration hazard. May cause severe digestive tract irritation with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal. May cause central nervous system depression. Exposure by ingestion may also cause adverse effects in the liver, kidneys, pancreas, and
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Exposure produces central nervous system depression. Aspiration may cause respiratory swelling and pneumonitis. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema.
May cause skin irritation. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis. May be absorbed through damaged or abraded skin in harmful amounts.
Causes eye irritation. Vapors cause eye irritation.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.