Kerosene

  • Kerosine
  • Lamp oil
  • Light petroleum
  • Fuel oil no. 1
  • Range oil
Formula
Mixture
Description
Pale yellow or colorless mobile, oily liquid with a characteristic odor. A mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons.
Uses
Fuels, fuel additives, lubricants and additives. Laboratory reagents.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
8008-20-6
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-366-4
EC Index Number
649-404-00-4
EC Class
Harmful
S 23 24 62
RTECS
OA5500000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Mutagen; Human Data; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1223
Merck
12,5305
Beilstein/Gmelin
8399830
EPA OPP
63501
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula mass
~170
Boiling point, °C
175 - 325
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.5 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
4.5
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 1 ppm
Density
0.80 g/cm3 (15 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
1.50 mm2/s (40 C)
Surface tension
25 g/s2) (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
B3 D2B
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Barrier creams, gloves, and protective clothing are recommended.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Wear a self contained breathing apparatus and appropriate Personal protection. (See Exposure Controls, Personal Protection section). Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Absorb spill using an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or vermiculite. Water spray may reduce vapor but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizers.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
38
Autoignition, °C
210
Upper exp. limit, %
5.0
Lower exp. limit, %
0.7
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water. For large fires, use water spray, fog or regular foam. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or regular foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Fire potential
Flammable liquid and vapor.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. Substance may be transported hot.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
NIOSH REL: TWA 100 mg/m3
Exposure effects
Prolonged or repeated inhalation of dusts may cause neurological damage. Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis. May cause anemia and other blood cell abnormalities.
   Ingestion
Aspiration hazard. May cause severe digestive tract irritation with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal. May cause central nervous system depression. Exposure by ingestion may also cause adverse effects in the liver, kidneys, pancreas, and
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Exposure produces central nervous system depression. Aspiration may cause respiratory swelling and pneumonitis. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis. May be absorbed through damaged or abraded skin in harmful amounts.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. Vapors cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
1223
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
KRS
 
33 Misc. hydrocarbon mixtures
Std. Transport #
4912636
 
IMO Chemical Code
I