- NSC 260424
- Ethanamine, 2-chloro-N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)-
Liquid with faint odor of fish and soap, no odor when pure.
Tris(beta-chloroethyl)amine is a vesicant but has never been used in military conflict.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Drug; Mutagen; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
137 - 138
Boiling point, °C
73 - 76 (0.5 torr)
Vapor pressure, mmHg
1.294 g/cm3 (9 C)
Solubility in water
1.4925 (25.2 C)
Hazards and Protection.
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Avoid inhalation and skin contact. (Non-Specific -- Poisonous Liquid, n.o.s.) Do not touch spilled material; stop leak if you can do so without risk. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Small spills: absorb with sand or other noncombustible absorbent material and place into containers for later disposal. Large spills: dike far ahead of spill for later disposal.
Reacts violently with strong oxidants and acids ;
Small Fires: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide or water spray. Large Fires: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam or water spray.
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
When heated to decomposition, it emits chloride and nitrogen oxides. No action on metals or other materials if material is kept dry. Avoid decomposing heat.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Ingestion can produce nausea and vomiting. Severe esophageal or gastrointestinal tract irritation may occur. Hemorrhagic diarrhea and intestinal mucosal sloughing may be seen.
Respiratory tract irritation and chemical pneumonitis may occur.
Dermal exposure to liquid or vapor can cause erythema, pruritus, irritation, and delayed blister formation.
Do not induce vomiting - following ingestion and/or prior to gastric evacuation, immediately dilute with 4 to 8 ounces (120 to 240 ml) of milk or water (not to exceed 15 ml/kg in a child).
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.
I; II; III
USCG CHRIS Code