Lithium acetate dihydrate

  • Quilonorm
  • Acetic acid, lithium salt, dihydrate
Formula
C2H3O2 . Li . 2H2O
Structure
Description
white rhombohedral crystals

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
6108-17-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-914-3
RTECS
AI5450000
Merck
13,5543
Beilstein/Gmelin
3564320
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00094
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H3O2.Li.2H2O
Formula mass
102.02
Melting point, °C
291
Density
1.26 g/cm3

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizers, strong acids.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, oxides of lithium.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
Chronic exposure to lithium salts may cause drowsiness, visual abnormalities, weakness, ringing in the ears, and muscle tremors.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.