white cubic crystals, hygroscopic
Used as a humectant, in air-conditioning systems.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
R 22 36/37/38
S 22 36/37/39
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
50 (1000 C)
Solubility in water
395 g/L (25 C)
0.000149/K (25 C)
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Moisture, strong oxidizing agents, strong acids.
Irritating and toxic fumes and gases, hydrogen bromide, oxides of lithium.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion. Extinguishing media: Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Chronic ingestion may cause dizziness, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, tremors, and mental confusion. Prolonged absorption may affect electrolyte balance and impair kidney function. Dehydration, weight loss, skin effects, and thyroid disturbances have been reported. Chronic exposure may cause kidney damage.
May cause central nervous system depression. May cause disturbed blood electrolyte balance. Causes gastrointestinal tract irritation. Large doses of lithium may cause dizziness, prostration, and kidney damage. Dehydration, weight loss, slurred speech, blurred vision, sensory loss, ataxia, tremors, and convulsions may occur. May be harmful if swallowed. May produce depression, emaciation with severe cases resulting in pyschosis and mental deterioration.
May cause severe irritation of the upper respiratory tract with pain, burns, and inflammation.
Chronic ingestion may cause dizziness, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, tremors, and mental confusion. Exposure to bromides may cause rashes, especially of the face (resembling acne) and boils. Anhydrous lithium brimide is extremely hygroscopic and contact with tissue can produce a dehydrating action resulting in localized burns.
Causes eye irritation and possible burns.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.