Lithium chloride

Formula
LiCl
Structure
Description
White crystals, granules or crystalline powder, deliquescent.
Uses
Manufacture mineral waters, in pyrotechnics, soldering aluminum, in refrigerating machines.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7447-41-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
231-212-3
EC Class
harmful, irritant
R 22 36/37/38
S 26 36/37/39
RTECS
OJ5950000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Primary Irritant
Merck
13,5550
Beilstein/Gmelin
13672 (G)
EPA OPP
129018
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-6750
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
ClLi
Formula mass
42.39
Melting point, °C
614
Boiling point, °C
1382
Vapor pressure, mmHg
360 (1235 C)
Density
2.07 g/cm3
Solubility in water
769 g/L
Viscosity
5.25 cp (20 C)
Thermal expansion
0.000286 - 0.000288/K
Heat of fusion
22.02 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
D2B
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Discard contaminated shoes.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
14
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Bromine trifluoride, strong acids.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, chlorine, irritating and toxic fumes and gases.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use extinguishing media appropriate to the surrounding fire. Substance is noncombustible. Extinguishing media: Substance is noncombustible; use agent most appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire.
Fire potential
This material is probably combustible.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
Chronic ingestion may cause dizziness, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, tremors, and mental confusion. Prolonged absorption may affect electrolyte balance and impair kidney function. Dehydration, weight loss, skin effects, and thyroid disturbances have been reported.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause muscle tremor and impaired motor function. May cause circulatory system failure. May cause cardiac disturbances. May cause tremors and convulsions. May cause central nervous system effects.
   Inhalation
May cause severe irritation of the upper respiratory tract with pain, burns, and inflammation.
   Skin
May cause severe irritation and possible burns. Chronic ingestion may cause dizziness, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, tremors, and mental confusion. Prolonged absorption may affect electrolyte balance and impair kidney function. Dehydration, weight loss, skin effects, and thyroid disturbances have been reported.
   Eyes
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
HS Code
2827 39 80